Kristy Carangi is a 2023 graduate of the Ph.D. Program in Counselor Education and Supervision at Antioch University, Seattle

Dr. Kristy Carangi

Dissertation Committee

Stephanie Thorson-Olesen, Ph.D., Committee Chair

Colin Ward, Ph.D., Committee Member

Angela Goethel, Ed.D., Committee Member


transgender, gender identity, transgender counseling, counselor education, counselor supervision, multicultural counseling, transgender training

Document Type


Publication Date



This exploratory quantitative study tests the effectiveness of a three-hour Transgender Training Intervention for increasing the gender identity competence of counselors and counselors-in-training. Participants (N = 4) were recruited online and completed the 20-item Counselor Competence Gender Identity Survey (CCGIS) before and after the virtual training intervention. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results indicated that mean total CCGIS scores increased from 127.0 in the pretest to 138.75 in the posttest, a 9.25% increase. The largest gains were made on the Gaining Knowledge/Skills to Counsel Gender Diverse Individuals subscale (CCGIS-KS). Mean scores on the CCGIS-KS increased from 24.25 in the pretest to 32.0 in the posttest, a 31.96% increase. The study provides evidence that specialized training can increase the ability of counseling professionals to meet the needs of transgender clients. Counselors should seek such opportunities to better serve this highly marginalized population. This dissertation is available in open access at AURA ( and OhioLINK ETD Center (


ORCID: 0009-0002-0361-4908