Carl Harrison Jr., Psy.D., is a 2016 graduate of the Psy.D. Program in Clinical Psychology at Antioch University, New England

Dissertation Committee:

  • Susan Hawes, PhD, Committee Chair
  • Barbara Belcher-Timme, PsyD, Committee Member
  • Lorraine Mangione, PhD, Committee Member


African American Women in Leadership Positions, resilience among African American women, female minority leadership, female presidents of diversity mental health associations, diversity, leadership development, Successful Black Females in Counseling

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In today’s society, an accurate representation of female minority leadership is needed. This study explored the (a) leadership development of African American women, (b) means and hindrances that African American women leaders met on their pathway to success, and (c) role of resilience among African American women. The current research was guided by the Smith (2010) study; Smith completed research on this subject matter using African American males. The current research used women rather than men but maintained the same methodology. The Consensual Qualitative Research Method (CQR; Hill, Thompson, & Williams, 1997; Hill et al., 2005) was used to analyze archived interviews of two past African American female presidents of a national diversity mental health association to identify themes and constructs that emerged from the interviews. The themes and constructs were used to identify the leadership development, the means and hindrances, and the role of resilience among African American women. The results of the current study also indicated that (a) positive feedback/success experience, (b) mentorship, (c) good educational experiences (d) early leadership involvement, and (e) attendance at conventions were instrumental for the participants’ leadership development. The results of the current research are consistent with the Smith (2010) findings.


Carl Harrison Jr.

ORCID Scholar ID# 0009-0003-8949-3816