Nirmala Jayaraman, Psy.D., is a 2023 graduate of the Psy.D. Program in Clinical Psychology at Antioch University, New England

Dissertation Committee:

  • Karen Meteyer, PhD, Committee Chair
  • Roselyn DeVincentis, PsyD, Committee Member
  • Katherine Evarts, PsyD, Committee Member


college athletes, alcohol use, drinking behaviors, protective behavioral strategies, negative consequences, developmental psychology

Document Type


Publication Date



Alcohol use is associated with a variety of negative consequences among young adults (Benton et al., 2004). Current studies are considering how protective behavioral strategies (PBS), such as acting as a designated driver, alternating with a non-alcoholic beverage, or watching out for a friend at a party, can be analyzed to better understand what factors contribute to alcohol consumption and drinking behavior (Borden et al., 2011). The purpose of this study was to further understand the relationship between the use of specific protective behavior strategies and negative consequences related to drinking alcohol among college athletes. The present study used survey findings from 2017, which asked college-age students from multiple undergraduate schools in New Hampshire about their alcohol consumption, protective behavioral strategy use, and the negative consequences of drinking. Inferential statistics such as t-tests and ANOVA were used to investigate questions of whether participation in athletics would relate to different patterns of PBS use. Intercollegiate athletes were found to be just as vulnerable to the negative consequences of alcohol consumption as club sport participant and non-participating students. Implications from results include that non-participating students would benefit as much from using PBS as their club sport and intercollegiate athlete peers.


Nirmala Jayaraman

ORCID Scholar ID# 0000-0001-9483-7271