Michael Drane, PhD, is a 2022 graduate of the Doctoral Program in Counselor Education & Supervision at Antioch University, Seattle.

Dissertation Committee

Ned Farley, PhD, Committee Chair

Stephanie Thorson-Olesen, PhD, Committee Member

Katherine Fort, PhD, Committee Member


imposter phenomenon, imposter syndrome, counselor education, counselor supervision

Document Type


Publication Date



The aim of the study was to explore the lived experience of counselor education and supervision students who reported experiencing symptoms of imposter phenomenon (IP). The population included counselor education and supervision students in their first year of their program, with a sample of convenience (N = 4). The method used in this study was an interoperative phenomenological analysis. Data analysis revealed four major themes: (a) counselor education students express self-doubt, lack of confidence and concern about competence, (b) students rate different levels of competence in counselor education and supervision roles, (c) instructor feedback impacts student perceptions of competence, and (d) counselor education students report hope or observation that imposter phenomenon can get better. This is important for counselor education because this research has findings and implications that may serve future research. The findings in this study imply that CES students, like other populations studied, also wrestle with IP. Given the lack of research into IP among CES students as a specific population, this research may help to establish its existence. This research may be important in bringing awareness to this issue, paving the way for more in-depth research into this topic. This dissertation is available in open access at AURA ( and OhioLINK ETD Center


Michael Drane, PhD, 2022

ORCID# 0000-0003-2471-8132