Susan N Golden, PhD, is a 2021 graduate of the Counselor Education and Supervison Doctoral Program at Antioch University, Seattle.

Dissertation Committee

Ned Farley, PhD, Committee Chair

Manivong Ratts, PhD, Committee Member

Dusty Destler, PhD, Committee Member


age, ageism, clinical supervision, clinical supervisors, culturally aware supervision, culturally aware supervisors, multicultural supervision, interpretative phenomenological analysis, IPA, qualitative, generational cohort affiliations

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Diversity of cultural identities, such as abilities, age and generational cohort affiliation, and socioeconomic status and the practice of clinical supervision are rarely addressed in the professional counseling literature. Subsequently, there is a need for a greater understanding of how expanded cultural identities are addressed by clinical supervisors in the practice of clinical supervision. This research study focused specifically on how age and generational cohort affiliation are addressed as a cultural consideration by clinical supervisors during the practice of clinical supervision. For this study, the Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis research approach was utilized to answer the research questions: 1. How do clinical supervisors experience addressing age and generational cohort affiliation during the practice of clinical supervision? 2. How do clinical supervisors experience addressing their own age and generational cohort affiliation with counseling supervisees? Data was collected through participants’ individual semi-structured interviews (N = 5). Data analysis of the participants’ interview transcripts exploring the lived experiences of clinical supervisors when addressing age and generational cohort affiliation as a cultural consideration in clinical supervision revealed three identified overarching themes: (a) feeling competent/incompetent, (b) feeling connected/disconnected, and (c) feeling respected/disrespected. Evident in the study is the gap of knowledge in the professional counseling literature regarding age and generational cohort affiliations and the resulting perception of clinical supervisors. Implications for future study include expanding the participant sample’s diversity and size to include missing voices in terms of cultural identities and explore the lived experiences of counseling students, counseling supervisees, and counselor educators with regard to their experiences with the cultural identities of age and generational cohort affiliations.


Susan N Golden, PhD, 2021

ORCID Scholar ID# 0000-0002-9768-7165