Elizabeth Schmitz-Binnall, Psy.D. is a 2021 graduate of the PsyD Program in Clinical Psychology at Antioch University, Seattle.

Dissertation Committee

Dana Waters, PsyD, ABPP Committee Chair

William Heusler, PsyD, Committee Member

Tasmyn Bowes, PsyD, Committee Member


CD-RISC, resilience, mother loss, mother death, childhood mother loss, childhood mother death, death of mother, parental death, parental loss, childhood parental death, quantitative study, adult women

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The primary purpose of this dissertation study was to explore levels of resilience in adult women whose mothers died when the participants were children. The death of a mother during an individual’s childhood is an adverse event that can affect all areas of that person’s life. It is intuitive to believe that early mother death would cause long-term effects on the overall resilience levels of the individuals; however, there has been minimal research exploring resilience in this population. With a sample of 245 women throughout the United States, this study used the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale 25 (CD-RISC-25) to begin investigating resilience in adult women who experienced childhood mother loss. The results of this study showed significant lower resilience mean scores for the mother-loss group when compared to the general population group. Furthermore, within-group differences were found when examining current age and resilience scores, with older women indicating slightly higher resilience scores than younger women. No statistically significant differences were found when comparing mean resilience scores for age at time of loss or length of time since loss.


Elizabeth Schmitz-Binnall, Psy.D., 2021

ORCID Scholar ID #0000-0003-1886-3229