Aubriana Teeley, Psy.D, is a 2018 graduate of the PsyD Program in Clinical Psychology at Antioch University, Seattle.

Dissertation Committee

Mark Russell, Ph.D., Committee Chair

Arthur Lewy, Ph.D., Committee Member

Maile Bay, Psy.D., Committee Member


case study, knitting, mindfulness, mixed methods, stress, substance use, quantitative, qualitative

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Substance abuse disorder is a characterized by the presence of cognitive, behavioral, and physiological symptoms from substance use with continued use despite these consequences. It has serious individual and societal implications, such as negative health effects, overdose, poor work and school performance, negative impacts on relationships, and even death. Economic effects include more frequent use of emergency and hospital services as compared to peers without substance use disorder. A variety of treatments for substance use are available, including inpatient and outpatient programs accompanied by behavioral interventions, individual or group psychotherapy, or 12-step programs. However, there is no one treatment that is effective for all patients, and so exploring alternative treatments continues to be important. Although knitting has existed for centuries, there has been a resurgence in popularity since the early 2000s. This mixed-methods multiple case study evaluated the efficacy of individual knitting lessons to reduce the presence of perceived stress and increase mindfulness during knitting sessions. Five adults participated in a series of individual knitting lessons and provided feedback about their experiences through quantitative assessments and qualitative interviews. Quantitative analysis, both overall and by individual, did not show any significant reductions in perceived stress or increases in mindfulness. Post-intervention interviews revealed that all the participants had generally positive experiences and planned to continue knitting after the conclusion of the study.


Aubriana Teeley, Psy.D., 2018

ORCID Scholar #0000-0002-1609-3200