Mohammed Raei, Ph.D. is a 2018 graduate of the PHD Program in Leadership and Change at Antioch University.
Dr. Raei at his Dissertation Defense.
L-R: Dr. Carol Baron, Committee Member, Dr. Harriette Thurber Rasmussen, attending virtually on monitor, Committee Member, Dr. Mitchell Kusy, Committee Chair.
- Mitchell Kusy, Ph.D., Committee Chair
- Carol Baron, Ph.D., Committee Member
Harriette Thurber Rasmussen, EdD, Committee Member
Adaptive Leadership, Adaptive Challenges, Adaptive Change, Change Theories, Second-Order Change, Leading Change, Wicked Problems, Leadership Development, Complex Adaptive Systems, Transformational Leadership, Scale Development, Mixed Methods
A reliable scale to measure adaptive leadership with authority—leadership from a position of power—does not exist. This was an embedded mixed-methods study–QUAN(qual) with data collected through an online survey instrument that included the proposed scale items and an open-ended question. The quantitative part of the study, using data from 436 respondents (92.7% from Mechanical Turk, 7.3% from snowball sampling), involved the development and validation of a unidimensional scale that measures adaptive leadership with authority using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. The 11-item scale had a Cronbach’s alpha value of .891 and thus displayed high reliability. In the qualitative part of the study, thematic analysis was used to analyze data from 550 respondents to confirm the presence of adaptive leadership with authority sub-constructs and identify possible adaptive leadership behaviors not included in the adaptive leadership framework. The analysis provided support for the following adaptive leadership with authority sub-constructs: Distinguish Between Adaptive and Technical Challenges; Identify the Stakeholders and Their Losses; Create the Holding Environment; Regulate the Distress to maintain focus on adaptive work; Give the Work Back; and Use of Self as a diagnostic and intervention instrument. The narrative data did not support Protecting Voices of Leadership without Authority. The combination of the narrative data and scale pointed to Give the Work Back, Use of Self, and Create the Holding Environment as the most important elements in adaptive leadership with authority. This dissertation is accompanied by a de-identified data file [xls] and the author’s MP4 video introduction. This dissertation is available in open access at AURA: Antioch University Repository and Archive, http://aura.antioch.edu/ and Ohiolink ETD Center, https://etd.ohiolink.edu/
Raei, M. (2018). Development and Validation of the Adaptive Leadership with Authority Scale. https://aura.antioch.edu/etds/446
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