Lloyd Duman, Ph.D. is a 2018 graduate of the PHD Program in Leadership and Change at Antioch University.

Dr. Lloyd Duman [right] with Dissertation Chair. Dr. Mitchell Kusy

Dissertation Committee

  • Mitchell Kusy, Ph.D.. Chair
  • Donna Chrobot-Mason, Ph.D., Committee Member
  • Elizabeth Holloway, Ph.D., Committee Member

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The purpose of this study was to develop a resilience-thinking leadership mindset construct and scale. Although literature exists on developing resilience and relational leadership theories, very little research and literature address a resilience-thinking mindset as a leadership strategy. This study represents an initial step in filling this gap. This research project was the initial phase toward the development of a resilience-thinking leadership mindset (RTLM) scale. I used a mixed-methods approach which was divided into three stages. Stage 1 involved the development of the scale items and assessment of both face and content validity to revise the original scale. Stage 2 comprised conducting a pilot study and employing statistical analysis to assess the construct validity, which included an exploratory factor analysis and a partial confirmatory factor analysis (PCFA). The factor analysis revealed a two-factor solution with inter-item Cronbach's Alphas of .936 for Factor 1 and .906 for Factor 2. The PCFA revealed a CFI of .964. Stage 3 entailed giving the refined RTLM scale to leaders in field of resilience management to further interpret and refine the scale's factors and items. This scale will be useful to practitioners, researchers, and organizations that are interested in advancing resilience-thinking, mindful organizing, and adaptive governance. This dissertation is available in open access at AURA: Antioch University Repository and Archive, Ohiolink ETD Center,


Dr. Lloyd Duman

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Lloyd is passionate about developing adaptive organizations. Over his 25 years at North Idaho College, he has employed relational leadership practices and encouraged a systems thinking approach to short and long-term problem solving. As a part of his doctorial program, he and an Antioch colleague began developing resilience-thinking leadership model so that they might offer organizations tools to enhance their strategic planning processes to better absorb disruptions and Adaptive Governance strategies to build adaptive leadership approaches through resilience-thinking and mindful organizing.

His professional experience includes educational contexts in leadership, administration, and planning. At present, he serves as the division chair for English and Humanities. He is interested in how resilience-thinking leaders can build resilience-thinking mindsets throughout an organization to mitigate the effects of disruptions and uncertainty that leave many organizations floundering.

His research developed a rapid assessment instrument in order to assess the potential within an organization to build resilience-thinking leadership capacity and mobilize collaborative decision-making, especially during times of crisis or disruption. His study validated an initial rapid assessment tool based on assessing a resilience-thinking leadership mindset.

He holds a Doctor of Philosophy and Masters of Arts degrees in Leadership and Change from Antioch University, a Master of Arts degree in Linguistics and Literature from the University of Montana, and two Bachelor of Science degrees, one in English and one in Education, from Southern Oregon University.