Michael Valentine, J.D., Ph.D., is a 2016 graduate of the PhD Program in Leadership and Change at Antioch University

Michael Valentine's Dissertation Defense : New York City, October 2016

L-R: Dr. Elizabeth Holloway, Committee Chair, Dr. Michael Valentine, Dr. Stephen A. Stumpf, External Reader

Dissertation Committee

  • Elizabeth Holloway, Ph.D., Chair
  • Mitch Kusy, Ph.D., Committee Member
  • Ashley Lackovich-Van Gorp, Ph.D., Committee Member
  • Stephen A. Stumpf, Ph.D., External Reader


PAR, Participatory Action Research, leaders, followers, leadership, international, global, firm, company, behavior change, culture change, implicit bias, inclusive culture, non-leaders, for-profit

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The study was conducted in a global, for-profit, advertising firm, which initiated a culture change effort focused culture change.The objective of the effort was to manage the negative impact of implicit bias (IB) in the workplace.This type of bias is known to influence behaviors and judgements (Amodio & Mendoza, 2010).It is hypothesized that if employees shift behavior to better understand and manage these biases in the basic work activities that are typical in any organization—like working on a team, making decisions related hiring, developing and promoting talent, and the numerous creative decisions that are typical of designing advertising campaigns—more inclusive practices will result.The case study utilizes Participatory Action Research to understand how leaders and individuals perceive and act on the need to change behavior in the context of the change effort to develop inclusive behaviors.Additionally, the study examined what influences an organizational member to act or resist acting on awareness created by learning event, in this case an implicit bias workshop.Accordingly, the study focused on the path to behavior change.This dissertation is available in open access at AURA:Antioch University Repository and Archive,, and OhioLINK ETD Center,


Dr. Michael Valentine

ORCID Scholar ID # 0000-0001-9386-4948

Michael Valentine is a business consultant and executive coach with over 30 years of experience working to improve business results for companies in a wide range of sectors.Michael has held senior leadership roles in both Operations and Human Resources.He has extensive experience working with teams to develop and implement strategy, manage organizational change, and develop leadership talent.Michael has consulted with a diverse mix of clients in both for-profit and not-for-profit sectors.He specializes in team development and assessing organizational culture.After serving as a U.S Naval Officer, Michael was awarded a Juris Doctor (JD) from Temple University School of Law in 2004.He holds a Bachelor’s degree in Political Science from The Citadel, the Military College of South Carolina.In 2016 Michael earned a Ph.D. in Leadership and Change from Antioch University, where his research focused on leadership behavior during an organizational culture change effort.He received coaching certifications from The Hudson Institute of Santa Barbra and Case Western Reserve University.

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