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Amy E. Climer, Ph.D., is a 2016 graduate of the PhD Program in Leadership and Change at Antioch University

Dr. Amy Climer [center] with Dissertation Committee Chair, Dr. Mitchell Kusy [right], and Dissertation Committee Member, Dr. Carol Baron [left], at her Dissertation Defense, Santa Barbara, May 2016.

Dissertation Committee:

  • Mitchell Kusy, Ph.D., Committee Chair
  • Carol Baron, Ph.D., Committee Member
  • Susan Keller-Maters, Ed.D., Committee Member
  • James Kaufman, Ph.D., External Reader


creative synergy, creative behavior, creativity, innovation, teams, business teams, adult work teams, adults, creative teams, innovative teams, creative problem solving, scale, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis

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This study developed a scale for teams to assess their behaviors related to creative synergy. Creative synergy is the interactions among team members where the collective creative results are greater than the sum of their individual efforts. When a team achieves creative synergy they have the potential to solve difficult problems with innovative solutions leading to positive impacts on our communities, societies, and even our world. This study looked at the internal-process variables of teams to determine what factors impact creative synergy. The research process involved two phases.In Phase 1, a survey was taken by 830 adults who were members of teams. The results were analyzed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis .A new scale was created that identified three factors teams need for creative synergy: team purpose, team dynamics, and team creative process. In Phase 2, the new scale was tested with three work teams to determine the perceived accuracy of the scale. The new Creative Synergy Scale will be a valuable tool for teams wanting to be more creative together. It will give them feedback on their level of team purpose, team dynamics, and team creative process.This dissertation is accompanied by two supplemental files:a video of the author’s introduction (MP4) and a correlation table showing the original 75 items considered for the Creative Synergy Scale (PDF). This dissertation is available in open-access at OhioLink ETD Center, and AURA:Antioch University Repository and Archive,


Amy E. Climer, Ph.D.,

ORCID Scholar ID#

Amy Climer is the owner of Climer Consulting, a small consulting practice that helps teams be more creative. Since 1995 she has worked with hundreds of groups teaching creativity, leadership and change, team development, and facilitation skills. Amy is the designer of Climer Cards, a creativity tool used to evoke metaphors and generate ideas. She has been trained to lead the Creative Problem Solving process and is certified to facilitate the FourSight Thinking Profile and Immunity to Change. As a facilitator she engages groups to do their best work through respectful, open processes and experiential practices. Her diverse background helps her quickly build trust and engage participants in a meaningful, often fun, experience. Her work with groups has taken her to the rainforest of Costa Rica, on a ship that sailed around the world, and of course, many boardrooms and conference centers around the U.S.

Amy is the host of The Deliberate Creative, a free, weekly podcast on iTunes designed to teach others how to lead innovation in teams. She has a Master’s degree in Outdoor Education from University of New Hampshire and a PhD in Leadership and Change from Antioch University. Her dissertation research involved developing the Creative Synergy Scale for teams. More information about Amy and her consulting practice can be found at

Climer2016_Correlation_Table.pdf (512 kB)
Climer Correlation Table

Climer2016_Dissertation_Intro.mp4 (232447 kB)
Climer Dissertation Author Introduction